Importance of Nutrition during pregnancy

Importance of Nutrition during pregnancy and tips for a healthy dietary plan for a pregnant woman

A Healthy nutrition during pregnancy can make your pregnancy better and give the best start for your upcoming baby.

So you are pregnant. Your life is changing, your feelings become more intense, you may have a lot of questions about what to eat, how to sleep, how much to walk and many other similar questions. Who can help you with your new diet? Who can give you the right advice? Of course, only a specialist in nutrition can do it.

According to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologist (ACOG), the diet for a pregnant woman should have a lot of variety and nutritional content. It should include- proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals fats, and fluids. The nutrition should be balanced and full of high-quality vitamins and minerals. Healthy nutrition during pregnancy is important for your baby’s growth and development. In order to get the nutrients you need, you must eat from a variety of food groups: fruits and vegetables, breads and grains, proteins and dairy products. Now, we will explain to you what products are in each group of food and what vitamins they contain.

Dairy Products. A Pregnant woman needs at least 1000mg of calcium daily.

This element is important for building strong teeth and bones of the baby, normal blood clotting, muscle, and nerve function – even heart can’t beat normal without calcium. If there is no normal amount of Calcium in your blood, your body will take it from your bones. We can get Calcium from milk, cheese, yogurt and other milk products. To get the daily amount of Calcium you should have 3-5 dairy servings. Your developing baby needs a lot of protein, B vitamins, and iron, especially in the second and third trimesters. Iron helps to carry oxygen to your growing baby and to your muscles. If there is the deficiency of iron the person can feel dizziness, fatigue, weakness, irritability and even depression. If the iron is too low, iron-deficit anemia can be proved by a blood test.

In which products can we find normal amounts of proteins and iron? Chicken, lamb, liver, turkey, veal, lean beef and other animal meat can help you in this question. Also, you can eat fish and seafood, but that should not contain mercury in big amount (it has a toxic effects to the nervous system: oily fish can’t be consumed in this case, because mercury is soluble in fat, and almost all oily fish today contain mercury, excepting maybe the ones from the Arctic and Antarctic). You can eat fish 8-12 times a week and have 3 servings of protein daily. Bread and Grains The main source of energy of our body is carbohydrates found in bread and grains. Grains also contain a big amount of iron, B group Vitamins, fiber, folic acid, etc. You should have 6-11 oz of bread and grains daily, depending on your weight. We should not forget that extra eating and extra weight are bad for your baby, especially eating sweets and fast foods.

Nutrition during pregnancy -Vegetables and Fruits

Fruits and Vegetables Fruits and vegetables give us many important elements like Vitamin C and Folic acid. A pregnant woman needs about 70 mg of Vitamin C daily that she can take it from oranges, grapefruits, broccoli, tomatoes, sprouts, lemons, onions, raspberry, and currant. We should take 0,4 mg of folic acid per day to avoid and prevent neutral tube defects in the embryo. It can be found in dark green leafy vegetables. A pregnant woman should have 2-4 servings of fruit and 4 servings of vegetables daily (you can find folic acid in green leafy vegetables, nuts, beans, citrus fruits and other).

Healthy Fats are:

Walnuts, avocado, pumpkin and sunflowers seeds, fish (but not fatty), olive oil – the healthy fats, that will help to develop your baby brain. Fluids & Drinks You should avoid caffeine drinks that increase your heart beating and blood pressure.

Also, try not to drink sweet soda water, only fresh distillate or pure boiled water should be used. If you like tea, natural green tea is more suitable during pregnancy. All dishes should be medium salt or even with only a small amount of salt. The pregnant woman should eat 6-7 times a day with not big portions of the meal. This is a rule and you should not eat more, so adequate eating is a must. It is important that you have the energy and nutritional requirements of your body completely satisfied.

American Pregnancy Association recommends

American Pregnancy Association recommends a pregnant woman to take additional 300 calories every day over the normal intake.

Pons Medical Group is a leading surrogacy agency in Georgia with expertise in ICSI fertility treatment through ICSI IVF / PICSI. As the saying goes: “We are what we eat” so “nutrition is the key” for a successful pregnancy and a successful surrogacy program. Here at Pons Medical, we are utmost conscious about the certainty of this old saying and we are experts in nutrition and dietary planning.

How to prevent and protect women from Infectious diseases Toxoplasmosis during Pregnancy

How to prevent and protect women from Infectious diseases like Rubella and Toxoplasmosis during Pregnancy to avoid complications

Today, in most of countries, the majority of infectious diseases are eradicated as a result of vaccination and decades of efforts of the medical professionals. Such fatal infections like tetanus, rabbis and smallpox are very rare and people can feel themselves more protected these days. There are a large number of infectious diseases that can affect your pregnancy and your developing baby.

What is Rubella? What is Toxoplasmosis?

What effects can these infections have on your pregnancy and your developing baby? How to protect yourself and your family?

All infectious diseases can be divided into 2 parts: infection diseases of childhood and general infectious diseases. But all of them can have effect if occurring during pregnancy. We are sure that many of you, when you were kids, got infected with chicken pox or rubella. Yes, of course we felt very bad, but now we know that we have Antigens to this disease in our blood (there is a special medical test to detect if this is so) and therefore we are not prone to suffer from this disease again and during pregnancy. Talking about Rubella, anyone who is not vaccinated against it is at risk of getting this infection. For a pregnant woman, this risk is unjustified and even more if she has another life within her; this disease can have a harmful influence in her developing baby.

Rubella is a virus that causes the most severe damage when the mother is infected early in pregnancy, especially if it happens during the first 12 weeks (first trimester). The developing baby gets congenital rubella syndrome and the risk is very high that the mother might suffer a miscarriage or stillbirth. The most common birth defects from congenital rubella syndrome can include Deafness, Cataracts, Heart defects, Intellectual disabilities, Liver and spleen damage, Low birth weight, Skin rash at birth. Among others less common birth defects are: Glaucoma, Brain damage, Thyroid and other hormone problems and inflammation of the lungs. So! In order to avoid congenital rubella syndrome during pregnancy the woman should get a vaccine before the pregnancy occurs!

Congenital toxoplasmosis

Do you like cats?

You should forget about having any kind of contact with street cats during your pregnancy. Only healthy house-hold cats can be around you. This lovely creature is the most common source of toxoplasmic infection. This disease is caused by Toxoplasma gondii.

If you become infected for the first time just before or during your pregnancy, you can transmit the infection to your baby, even if you don’t have signs and symptoms yourself. Your baby is most at risk of contracting toxoplasmosis at any time during the whole pregnancy. During the first trimester stillbirth or miscarriage can occur and in later periods, seizures, enlarged liver and spleen, yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice) and severe eye infections may be present in the infected baby.

How to check if I am ill?

You need to make a special blood test before and during the pregnancy.
How to protect yourself? Take vaccines, medical tests, follow rules of personal hygiene, and keep healthy.
What are the risk factors? All of them are connected with immunodeficiency.
-Undergoing chemotherapy
-You take steroids or other immunosuppressant drugs
-You are allergic.

How I can prevent myself against toxoplasmosis during the pregnancy?

-Wear gloves when you are working outdoors. Always wash your hands with antibacterial soap when you come home.
-Don’t eat raw or under-cooked meat.
-Wash kitchen utensils thoroughly.
-Wash all fruits and vegetables thoroughly.
-Don’t drink unpasteurized milk.
-Control that your cats stay healthy.
-Ask someone else to clean your cat’s litter box.
-Keep your house clean.
-And always remember you ask your doctor and fertility specialist if you have any questions.
In conclusion!

Prevention from infectious diseases and optimal nutritional care during IVF Surrogacy programs are the key points and our unique advantages at Pons Medical. All our Surrogacy programs are managed by our medical professionals, expert doctors and fertility specialists. Pons Medical Group wishes you a perfect pregnancy!

What are the risks of preeclampsia & eclampsia for pregnant women?

What are the risks of preeclampsia & eclampsia for pregnant women?

Preeclampsia and eclampsia continue to be major contributors to maternal mortality and morbidity. Lack of appreciation for the multi‐organ involvement of preeclampsia, combined with overly rigid criteria for diagnosis, may hinder early diagnosis.

Pons Medical Group

Pons Medical Group is a leading surrogacy agency in Georgia with one of the most economical Surrogate Mother Cost and meeting all the Surrogacy Process Step By Step.

Pregnant and postpartum women need to know important warning signs and symptoms of preeclampsia. Prompt diagnosis of preeclampsia and appropriate management will improve the quality of care for women.
Preeclampsia is a serious complication during pregnancy, characterized by increased pressure and changes in the functioning of certain organs, for example, kidneys and liver. This condition develops in 5-8% of cases. In the absence of treatment, preeclampsia can turn into eclampsia, a condition that causes seizures and even death. Learn to listen yourself, in time to draw the doctor’s attention to the changes that have appeared in your condition.

1. Increased blood pressure. This can be overlooked on your own, if you do not have a device at home. But at every appointment the doctor will measure blood pressure. Better to buy a tonometer for yourself. So you can monitor your pressure more carefully.

2. A protein in the urine is not an obligatory, but a frequent companion of pre-eclampsia. You can notice its presence only when you pass the analysis. Therefore, do not neglect such a simple study as a general urine test.

3. Rare urination suggests that the kidneys do not function properly. If this happens, immediately consult a doctor, it can be extremely dangerous.

4. Warning! Swelling of the face and hands is a serious cause for concern.

5. Violent headache, especially long-lasting headache, may indicate preeclampsia. Studies show that among women with a secondary headache, about 40% experience preeclampsia.

6. Nausea or vomiting in 2/3 trimesters, when the pregnancy toxaemia has already receded, it is an alarming sign. Tell your fertility specialist about it. Studies show that persistent vomiting and nausea increase the likelihood of pre-eclampsia.

7. A sudden weight gain due to fluid retention in the body (weight gain of more than a kilogram per week) is an unfavorable sign. That is why during the period of observation of the pregnant woman weight is one of the most important indicators.

8. Problems with vision, 20-50% of patients with preeclampsia are suffering from problems with eye-vision (due to the compartment of the optic nerve). The most common patients complaints are blurred vision, flashes of light, spots in front of the eyes, sensitivity to light.

9. Specified reflexes are difficult to notice on their own. Rather, it will be noticed by the doctor at the examination. Exacerbation of reflexes can signal a danger of seizures.

10. Shortness of breath on late pregnancy can be considered the norm, since all organs are under pressure due to a growing baby. However, shortness of breath is also one of the symptoms of pre-eclampsia and can appear due to the accumulation of fluid in the lungs. This condition can also cause a sense of anxiety associated with low levels of oxygen in the body.

11. Pain in the upper right side of the abdomen, you can associate this discomfort with the increase of the abdomens size, the growth of the baby or the baby’s tremors. But it can also indicate problems with the liver. Pain in the upper right side of the abdomen can signal liver edema caused by severe pre-eclampsia.

Pons Medical Group wishes you a healthy pregnancy, full of great emotions and good health!

Important things that you should know about vitamin D

Important things that you should know about vitamin D

In this article we will talk about facts that everyone should know about vitamin D. Taking Vitamin D should be only after measuring it contain in the blood and the doses should be prescribed only by your doctor.

Pons Medical Group is a leading surrogacy agency in Georgia. We recommend consumption of Vitamins should only be under the guidance of our fertility specialist.

Let’s start with the main vitamin. VITAMIN D becomes particularly important during the pregnancy.
1. We recommend you to do the test for vitamin D. Norms of the Georgia association of endocrinologists. * <10 ng / ml – a pronounced deficit; * <20 – deficiency; * 20-30 – insufficiency; * 30-100 – adequate level (target values when correcting the deficit of vit.D – 30-60); *> 150 – a toxic effect is possible.
2. Do not be in a hurry to take vitamin D preparations. Determination of the dose of the preparation is individual and it depends on the genotype.
The second thing that needs to be done is a genetic test for the assimilation of vitamin D.

There are 2 types of genes:

-One DBP is responsible for the transfer of vitamin D.
-Other VDR is responsible for the activity of vitamin D recipient receptors.

If a person has a little amount of receptors, then delivering of vitamin D, large doses of 5000-1000 U, is needed during 2-3 months. If there are many receptors, but the DBP gene-transporter is damaged, then maintenance medium doses of 2000-3000 U are sufficient during 2 months. If the gene-carrier of DBP is damaged and there are few receptors, then high doses of vitamin D need to be taken for a long-term period. When the receptors and the carrier are normal or the changes are insignificant, it is enough to include in the diet products with richer vitamin D content and whenever possible to take sunbaths.

Remember that sun creams block vitamin D. Depending on the place of residence, a person should be in the sun from 12 to 30 minutes with 50% of the body open. If there is no such opportunity every day, then it must be compensated through NUTRITION.

And now the experts are concerned and worried that we’re passing an epidemic of Vitamin D deficiency down to the future generations. Studies have shown that Vitamin D deficiency may imprint on an infant for the rest of its life. Infants that are deficient at birth can remain Vitamin D deficient for the first several months after birth, which may put them at risk of developing many chronic diseases much later in life.

Pons Medical Group is a leading surrogacy agency in Georgia. Pons Medical will help you to become parents even in very difficult conditions.

How to save your youth and make it longer

How to preserve your youth and make it longer?

Good nutrition and a limited sugar intake will preserve your youth and will help you to keep yourself in good shape for long.

Pons Medical is a leading surrogacy provider in Georgia with the best specialists; we understand Dietary Needs of a Pregnant Woman and the special needs of Nutrition during Pregnancy.

How does the age affect the metabolism? Are there any other ways to influence on it?

1) It’s not up to the calories, it’s up to the hormones.
Very often we can hear: “I used to eat cakes every night, but my stomach is always flat in the morning”. Everything you have eaten before was actively metabolized, but it changes as you get older.

The activity of some hormones decreases with age. There are two critical periods:
-After 30-32 years, the activity of sex hormones can decrease fourfold.
-After 45 years, it decreases from six to eight-fold.

The sooner you start to change eating behavior, the better. Remember, that your body will suffer the cumulative experience of your destructive habits. And some day your brain will stop to generate necessary quantities of important fat-burning hormones – endorphins, dopamine and serotonin. Changes in dietary patterns might affect your mood in a positive way and make you more happy and satisfied. You will never feel sleepy or tired and your eyes will never hurt. By eating healthy you press the button of youth. Choosing an active lifestyle you change your hormonal balance. For example, when you start to dance, dopamine is produced. And endorphins are produced during crouching or stretching.

The main thing is that all these hormones depend on our activity.

When something unexpected and pleasant happens, serotonin levels increase and keep high for up to a whole week. We lose our weight when we are in love because of hormones in our blood. It is necessary to understand how our bodies work. So, think about yourself at 20 years old and try to reproduce that feeling again.
In order to boost your hormone levels it is important to maintain a certain level of activity. Unfortunately, some people from adult generation prefer food instead of fun. What to do?
-Experiencing romance and passion in couple 

We clearly understand the needs of a pregnant woman and use our knowledge to improve the health, quality of life and pregnancy success of our surrogate mothers.

Pons Medical is a leading surrogacy agency in Georgia with the best specialists; we understand the importance of Nutrition During Pregnancy. Pons Medical will help you to become parents even in very difficult conditions.

The Uterus: ageing, abnormalities and new biological insights

The Uterus: ageing, abnormalities and new biological insights

The Uterus is the main organ of the reproductive system of the woman. In this article, we will learn about the uterus, its sizes, abnormalities and changes along the life.

Pons Medical Research is a leading surrogacy provider in Ukraine.

We recommend informing your fertility specialist about any symptoms of uterus abnormality as soon as possible to have a healthy pregnancy. Pons Medical Research offers Guaranteed Pregnancy under our Guaranteed Surrogacy Program. Contact us for a free consultation on your infertility issues.


The uterus is a smooth-muscular hollow organ located in a woman’s pelvic area. In shape, the uterus resembles a pear and is mainly intended for bearing a fertilized egg during pregnancy. The weight of the uterus of a nulliparous woman is about 50 g (for nulliparous – from 30 to 50 g, for those giving birth – from 80 to 100 g), the length is 7 to 8 cm, and the largest width is about 5 cm. Owing to the elastic walls, the uterus can grow to 32 cm in height and 20 cm in width, sustaining a fruit weighing up to 5 kg. During the menopause the size of the uterus decreases, atrophy of its epithelium occurs, sclerotic changes in blood vessels.

The uterus is located in the cavity of the small pelvis between the bladder and rectum. Normally it is tilted anteriorly, on both sides, it is supported by special ligaments, which do not allow it to descend and, at the same time, provide the necessary minimum of movement. Due to these ligaments, the uterus is able to react to changes in neighboring organs (for example, bladder overflow) and to take an optimal position for itself: the uterus can move back when the bladder is filled, forward with a rectum overflow, rise up during pregnancy.

The attachment of the ligaments is very complicated, and it is its nature that is the reason why it is not recommended for a pregnant woman to raise her hands high: this position of the hands leads to a strain of the ligament of the uterus, to the tension of the uterus itself and its displacement. This, in turn, can cause unnecessary displacement of the fetus during late pregnancy.

The size of the uterus is not the same in all women, but depends on:

-the number of children;
-from the presence in the anamnesis of frozen pregnancies, miscarriages or abortions;
-postoperative diseases and operations;

But nevertheless, there are frames that determine the norm size of a healthy uterus:

-when performing ultrasound, determine;
-longitudinal dimension – (= length;
-transverse dimension – (= width;
-anteroposterior size – (= thickness.

The size of the uterus changes during the woman’s life:
-with the onset of puberty;
-in the time of pregnancy;
-and in the period of postmenopause;

The newborn female uterus is about four centimeters long. By the end of the year, an involution of the organ will take place, it will decrease approximately twice and it will be the same up to 7 years of age. From the seven years-old age until the end of the period of puberty, it gradually increases and acquires normal parameters.

What is considered as normal?

For a mature woman who has not given birth, the size of the uterus is normal, if the length, including the cervix is 7-7.9 cm, the width is 3 to 3.9 cm, the anteroposterior dimension is in the range of 2 to 4.5 cm and, finally, the thickness of the uterus – from 2 to 4 cm. During the gestation period, the uterus grows naturally and can reach 32 cm in length and up to 20 cm in width;
In the postpartum period, the uterus begins to shrink at a rapid pace and returns to the previous dimensions.

The size of the uterus increases due to various pathological conditions:

-uterine myoma;
With an increase in the size of the uterus, a woman may be disturbed of such symptoms:
-belly in the lower abdomen;
-urinary incontinence;
-violations of the menstrual cycle, increased blood loss during critical days;
-increase in body weight.
If the ultrasound reveals a decrease in the size of the uterus, it is said that uterine hypoplasia starts. There are several degrees:
-hypoplasia of the uterus;
-aplasia of the uterus.
Depending on the severity of uterine hyperplasia, the following symptoms are possible:
-late onset of menstruation;
-the delay of puberty;
-reducing the libido;
-irregular cycle or absence of menstruation;
-problems with the onset and pregnancy.

Carrying out hormone replacement therapy can help increase the size of the uterus, which increases the likelihood of successful pregnancy. The only exception is aplasia of the uterus, pregnancy in this situation is possible only as a result of IVF with the transfer of the embryo to the surrogate mother.

Pons Medical Research wishes you a healthy pregnancy, full of great emotions and good health!

English English Español Español