The IVF procedure consists of the several parts:
Step one. Using special hormonal medicines, the process of superovulation (maturation of a large quantity of follicles in the ovaries) of the genetic mother or egg donor is performed. In this process of stimulation the Ultra Sound scanning diagnostics are conducted in order to monitor the follicle growth rate.
At the same time, the menstrual cycles of the surrogate mother and the biological mother or the egg donor are synchronized. Besides, using hormonal drugs, the endometrium (lining) of the surrogate mother is prepared and adjusted for the transfer of embryos.
Step two. Puncture of follicles – collection of mature oocytes.
Step three. “In-vitro fertilization”. Using the ICSI method, preselected eggs are combined and joined with high-quality spermatozoa. Fertilized oocytes are immersed in an incubator nutrient solution for the purposes of their growth.
Step four. On the fifth day after the follicle puncture day, the top-quality (first-rate) embryos (as a rule, two embryos) are transferred into the uterine cavity of the surrogate mother with the use of a catheter. The remaining embryos are subject to cryopreservation in liquid nitrogen where they can be stored for a long time for future use.
Two weeks after the embryo transfer, the surrogate mother will undergo a pregnancy test so that thebeta level, i.e. the chorionic gonadotropin hGC (pregnancy hormone) level can be assessed. If the test is successful the pregnancy is considered confirmed. In order to confirm that the pregnancy is evolving normally, two to four weeks after the hGC test, an Ultra Sound scanning examination isconducted, in the course of which the heartbeat of the fetus should be detected.
Nine months run really fast. The case manager will get in touch with the intended parents in good time in order to confirm the dates of your final visit. The birth of your child and all relevant conditions are controlled by the Maternity Hospital in which the surrogate mother will give birth. Both the child and the surrogate mother will be discharged from hospital on the third day (in case of natural delivery) or on the seventh day (if case of Caesarean section).