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IVF and Surrogacy Tourism in Europe. Albania.

Tourist? Medical tourist!

Lastly medical tourism became so popular and important direction of tourism, that almost all countries of modern Europe are trying to get into this interesting niche and suggest the best they can in the field of medical services. Stem cells therapies, organ transplantation, cancer treatment, IVF treatment, plastic surgery and even dentistry are fighting for international clients nowadays. And it is quite understandable, because first of all, not all this practices are allowed in the country of the patient’s origin and secondly, the difference in price for treatment and medications can be perceivable. All this makes such trips abroad for treatment very attractive for international patients from both economical and medical point of view. Such trips are frequently associated by patients with their last hope to succeed in their treatment.

We, as a company, that works with International patients with infertility, want to share our experience about the level of the medical services, provided in few popular destinations for IVF treatment and surrogacy.

All information in this article should be considered as our personal opinion, based on our own experience and cannot be taken by anybody as the absolute truth. But we really believe that for somebody who is searching for the best options of treatment this knowledge could be quite helpful.

Surrogacy in Albania

surrogacy in Albania

Location for European tourists: 10 from 10

IVF and Surrogacy: not regulated

Egg Donors: not regulated

Requirements for couples for Surrogacy: not regulated

Transparency of the clinic’s work: 5 from 10

Medical facilities and technology available: 5 from 10

Maternity houses and NICU departments: 5 from 10

Maternal mortality rate: 29 deaths per 100,000 live births          

Children’s mortality rate (infants under-5): 8.8 per 1000 live births

Corruption level: High

Epidemiological situation in the country: Average

A completely new and growing destination of medical tourism is IVF and Surrogacy tourism in Albania. Lastly in Internet numerous surrogacy agencies appeared, that are offering such services for European tourists. However, investigating the legal background of such activity, we didn’t come to any final conclusion about legality of this kind of treatment. Moreover, lack of information about practical implementation of such procedures raise reasonable doubts in transparency of work of clinics and agencies, who offer surrogacy programs there.

Legislation

The only one mentioning about surrogacy in Albanian legislation appears in article 261 of the Family Code, where it is written that surrogacy adoption applies for the same rules, as adoption in general. From this statement, we can make a conclusion that in the end of any surrogacy program an adoption procedure is needed, which includes obtaining of the Adoption Committee’s consent for the adoption and the court hearing.

This will not give ability for families who have used surrogacy services to travel home very fast after the baby’s birth. Besides, the adoption of a child (it doesn’t matter if the baby is born via surrogacy or not) is possible by spouses, one of the spouses with the written consent of the other spouse or by individuals. It will be not possible to adopt a baby by same-sex couple or a couple without marriage, because Albanian authorities adhere to the principle of best child’s interests and they do not consider such couples as stable families for children’s growth and development.

The other problem is that there are no other provisions about surrogacy in Albanian legislation at all. The Law on Reproductive health is also written in a very general way and doesn’t have clear provisions even about the egg donation. Despite this fact, a lot of IVF clinics provide such services as IVF with egg donation and surrogacy in Albania due to the parents’ requests.

Be aware

The only one document, that will regulate relationships between the Intended Parents and the Surrogate mother is the surrogacy agreement. Nevertheless, it is not clear if such agreement could be enforced in future, for example if the surrogate mother decides to keep the baby. Furthermore, as there is no established procedure for obtaining the birth certificate in case of the birth of baby via surrogacy, we can only presume that the civil birth certificate is given on the name of the woman, who delivered a baby (the surrogate mother), and either on the name of the genetic father of the child, either on the name of the surrogate’s spouse.

We strongly recommend you to contact lawyer in Albania before undergoing surrogacy program there due to numerous legal gaps. We believe that it is very important clearly understand the whole process step by step before taking a decision to have any kind of infertility treatment abroad.

Have more questions? Contact us via e-mail!

surrogacy in Albania
surrogacy in Albania

IVF and Surrogacy tourism in Europe. Surrogacy in Greece.

Tourist? Medical tourist!

Lastly medical tourism became so popular and important direction of tourism, that almost all countries of modern Europe are trying to get into this interesting niche and suggest the best they can in the field of medical services. Stem cells therapies, organ transplantation, cancer treatment, IVF treatment, plastic surgery and even dentistry are fighting for international clients nowadays. And it is quite understandable, because first of all, not all this practices are allowed in the country of the patient’s origin and secondly, the difference in price for treatment and medications can be perceivable.

All this makes such trips abroad for treatment very attractive for international patients from both economical and medical point of view. Such trips are frequently associated by patients with their last hope to succeed in their treatment.

We, as a company, that works with International patients with infertility, want to share our experience about the level of the medical services, provided in few popular destinations for IVF treatment and surrogacy.

All information in this article should be considered as our personal opinion, based on our own experience and cannot be taken by anybody as the absolute truth. But we really believe that for somebody who is searching for the best options of treatment this knowledge could be quite helpful.

Today we want to talk about Greece.

Surrogacy in Greece

surrogacy in Greece

Location for European tourists: 10 from 10

IVF and Surrogacy: allowed

Egg Donors: allowed/anonymous, altruistic donors

Requirements for couples for Surrogacy: married or unmarried heterosexual couples, single women (in both cases woman should not be more than 50 y.o.), possible only altruistic surrogacy, agreement needs pre-approval in the Court

Transparency of the clinic’s work: 10 from 10

Medical facilities and technology available: 10 from 10

Maternity houses and NICU departments: 10 from 10

Maternal mortality rate: 3 deaths per 100,000 live births            

Children’s mortality rate (infants under-5): 4.5 per 1000 live births

Corruption level: Low

Epidemiological situation in the country: Good

Greece is one of the most popular tourists’ destinations in the world and is widely known not only as a resort, but also as a competitive location for IVF treatment and surrogacy in Europe. Surrogacy is allowed here from 2002 for local citizens and from 2014 – for foreigners, that have made Greece very attractive for EU-citizens, who has ability to travel home with their babies immediately after their surrogacy program is finished.

Please, be aware that surrogacy is allowed only to applicants or surrogate mothers who have their permanent residence in Greece.

Who can apply for surrogacy in Greece?

Surrogacy services are available here for both married and not married heterosexual couples and single women under 50 y.o. All agreements should be altruistic and get approval in the Court before any embryo-transfer is done to the Surrogate mother´s body. Such court hearing should be initiated by the Intended Mother, as such services as surrogacy could be given only from one woman to another. The trial usually takes here up to 8 months.

Despite the altruistic character of surrogacy agreements, the Surrogate mother is entitled to receive compensation for her travelling expenditures, medicines and work losses during pregnancy that in total should not exceed 10.000 euros.

There is a possibility to use egg/sperm donor’s cells for Infertility treatment here, as well as embryo-donation, because Greek legislation does not require genetic link to the Intended Parents. All these services also should be altruistic. Neither the surrogate mother, nor the egg donor have parental rights over the babies born via surrogacy.

Is adoption needed?

Intended Parents appear in all legal documents as parents of the babies born via surrogacy from the very beginning, because their parental rights are already recognized by Greek Court decision, that approved surrogacy agreement. So no need to undergo adoption or any other procedure in the end of the surrogacy program. Be aware, that according to Greek legislation babies are entitled to get Greek citizenship only if one the parents (in our case intended mother or intended father) is Greek.

Therefore it is necessary to be sure that the country of your origin will recognize such babies as its citizens before the surrogacy process starts, especially if you are going to use donation services.

No need to emphasize that the high quality of medical services in Greek clinics thanks to strict European standards. At the same time, having the most liberal legislation about assisted reproductive technologies and surrogacy, Greek clinics have not very high prices for treatment comparable with other European countries.

On the other side, any intermediary activity is surrogacy field (such as agencies or recruiters of surrogate mothers), as well as advertising of surrogacy is prohibited in Greece and can cause criminal sanctions for participants from 1.500 euro fine to 2 years of imprisonment. This can cause some difficulties in the surrogacy journey of the Intended Parents, as according to Greek legislation they will need to find and to attend their surrogate mother by themselves.

Still don’t know how to choose country for your surrogacy program? Read in our blog!

Welcome to sunny Georgia! Benefits of new healthcare destination

Surrogacy in Georgia is a good choice for all couples, who are searching for good quality treatment with fair prices.

What is Georgia?

Pons Medical Research Team invite you to join us and to feel all benefits of Surrogacy in Georgia!

Georgia is a country, located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. It is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia’s total area makes up 69,700 square kilometers. Georgian is the official language in Georgia, a country of 3,500,000 with a semi-presidential system as its form of government. The lari (GEL) is Georgia’s official currency.

Georgia has in fact lost two regions as result of ethnic conflicts, but currently, there is a peaceful situation in our country. Moreover, Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, is considered to be one of the most safe cities in the world. In addition, terrorist attacks don’t happen here and it is absolutely safe for pedestrians to walk in the city at any time of day or night.

Popular tourist destination

Today’s Georgia is the tourist destination with a great potential. Dizzying mountains, healing air, excellent wine and friendly people will surely make you feel at home. Here in Georgia there is a very tangible feeling of how history and modernity are all tightly woven together. Hospitable Georgian people cordially meets guests, it has much to show to the guests and has much to be proud of. Historically all visitors in Georgia are considered as messengers of the Gods, so don’t doubt that you will have an unforgettable trip in the Caucasus.

However, not only tourism is considered as visit card of this mysterious country. We invite you to discover the benefits of Georgian healthcare with Pons Medical Research. In the world of advanced reproductive technologies (ART), IVF and Surrogacy is now a common treatment path. There are many resources to help you find your way through the process of Surrogacy in Georgia.

Infertility treatment in Georgia

In Tbilisi, we cooperate with the most experienced IVF-clinics that are equipped with the latest, ultramodern devices from European and American manufacturers with its diagnostic facilities. Our medical facilities offer complex examination to gynecology and andrology patients and infertile couples to identify the root cause of their conditions. We offer a full range of infertility treatments, including intrauterine insemination of sperm, in vitro fertilization, Surrogacy in Georgia, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, egg donation, PGD and the transfer of frozen embryos.

Our specialists

Our doctors have more than 18 years’ experience in the diagnosis and infertility treatment. We are very proud that we work with the best doctors in Tbilisi. Our doctors have given a birth to the first babies using the surrogate motherhood method in Georgia. Additionally, our specialists can help you to find a surrogate mother who has been screened and approved to carry a surrogate pregnancy. Most importantly, our surrogacy specialist will work with you to discuss your goals and find a possible surrogate candidate based on your wishes and her experience.

Surrogacy legislation in Georgia

We would like to mention that legislation in Georgia is very friendly for surrogacy programs. Since 1997 ovum and sperm donation and surrogacy in Georgia are legal. According to the Georgian law, a donor or surrogate mother has no parental rights over the child born. Also, unlike the Ukrainian legislation, egg-donors are not anonymous and you can personally meet them.

Birth certificate of a baby

In case of the child born by a surrogate mother, the couple will be registered as parents of the child. Even in case that an embryo was obtained from an egg from a donor is transferred into the uterus of the surrogate mother, the couple will be deemed as legal parents of the child. The birth certificate will be issued immediately after the child’s birth, within 1 day.  Information about the surrogate mother is not specified in the birth certificate. It means that the birth certificate of the child born by a surrogate mother does not differ from the birth certificates of other children.

Consent of the surrogate mother is not required for registration of the infertile couple as parents. The following will be required for registration of the couple as parents: Surrogacy Agreement made by the couple, certificate of embryo transfer into the uterus of the surrogate mother issued by the IVF clinic and certificate of the fact of childbirth issued by maternity hospital.

Above all, the parents will have a right to take their child to their country any time after the child certificate has been issued.

Welcome to Georgia!

In conclusion, it must be said that Georgia is one of the best choices for a surrogacy process because of the favorable legislation and possibility to receive a high-qualified medical care for a very reasonable price without mentioning the beauties of the country that are unique and breathtaking.

If you still have any questions after having read this article please feel free to ask.

Pons Medical Research Team is ready to provide you any information about Surrogacy in Georgia.

Author: Sukhanova Anna, legal adviser of Pons Medical Group

Georgia Tbilisi TbilisiSurrogacy in Georgia.

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